Ancient tombs predating egypt

Although each line of kings prior to the reign of Akhenaten had previously adopted one deity as the royal patron and supreme state god, there had never been an attempt to exclude other deities, and the multitude of gods had always been tolerated and worshipped.

Old Nubian was mostly used in religious texts dating from the 8th and 15th centuries AD.

Before the 4th century, and throughout classical antiquity, Nubia was known as Kush, or, in Classical Greek usage, included under the name Ethiopia (Aithiopia).

A reworked version appears as Coffin Text Spell 573, while a variety of phrases and themes from the hymn also recur in other Coffin Texts." - The major theme of this text, the praise of Pharaoh, allows us to classify it as a hymn.

Its main metaphorical and dramatical mechanism, namely Pharoah eating the deities, puts its acute poetical power into evidence.

Scholars estimate that there are in excess of 700 hieroglyphs found in the Egyptian writings. For example, if a picture looked like a man, it represented the word 'man'.

Phonograms were used to spell the sound of the words they represented.

Historically, the people of Nubia spoke at least two varieties of the Nubian language group, a subfamily that includes Nobiin (the descendant of Old Nubian), Kenuzi-Dongola, Midob and several related varieties in the northern part of the Nuba Mountains in South Kordofan.

Until at least 1970, the Birgid language was spoken north of Nyala in Darfur, but is now extinct.

Atenism, or the "Amarna heresy", refers to the religious changes associated with the eighteenth dynasty Pharaoh Amenhotep IV, better known under his adopted name, Akhenaten.

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